한국조세재정연구원 - OAK리포지터리

Korea Institute of Public Finance
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교육재정의 효율성 제고방안 연구 cover image

교육재정의 효율성 제고방안 연구

Keyword
교육재정, 학자금, 인구변화
Title
교육재정의 효율성 제고방안 연구
Authors
안종석; 정재호; 박노욱; 김진영
Issue Date
2006-12-01
Publisher
KIPF
Citation
pp. 295
Abstract
The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristic features of the budget for education, evaluate the efficiency of education expenditure, and derive the way to improve its efficiency. "Efficiency" means to raise funds with minimum distortion of resource allocation or to maximize the outcome out of given funds. We are also interested in analyzing whether an increase in education expenditure could improve the national welfare in Korea.



We focus on the following three issues among other things.



First, we examine the allocation of funds to improve diversity and efficiency in the primary and the secondary education. For this purpose, we perform case studies of other countries, examine the theoretical reasons why the government provide education funds, and evaluate the current system in Korea.



Second, we study the relationship of changes in population and budget for education. In Korea, the number of students in the primary and the secondary education is expected to decrease by 30 percent in 20 years. This change seems to have a great impact on education budget. Thus, we investigate the impact of the change in population on education budget and analyze the possible responses of the government to this change.



Lastly, we study the efficiency of the tertiary education in Korea. Through comparing with other countries, examining the private and social rate of return on tertiary education, and also considering the change in population, we evaluate the current level of expenditure for tertiary education in Korea. We also analyze the respective roles of public and private sectors in tertiary education. The methods to allocate education funds to educational institutions and students are also examined.
Keywords
교육재정, 학자금, 인구변화
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