한국조세재정연구원 - OAK리포지터리

Korea Institute of Public Finance
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나눔문화 확산을 위한 정책과제

Keyword
나눔문화, 민간기부
Title
나눔문화 확산을 위한 정책과제
Authors
손원익; 이순태; 박세경
Issue Date
2010-10-01
Publisher
KIPF
Citation
pp. 238
Abstract
This research adopts diverse approaches seeking political improvement for proliferation of charitable contribution. After-effects of global financial crisis damaged fiscal soundness of various nations. The paper focuses on new political legislations and discusses ways to vitalize culture of charity.

Growing economy and constant changes in society lead to a phenomenon that public activities which the society requires cannot fulfill different demands of people. As a result, Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) begins to substitute partial functions of government and NGO’s role becomes significant. In consideration of current small-government favored attitude, a bigger role of NGO is anticipated.

This paper, first of all, ensures current status of South Korea’s charitable contribution based on analysis of diverse resources and comparison with other countries. In addition, the research organizes different legal institutions related to charitable contribution by areas. To promote this sharing atmosphere, authors examine legal issues concerned with procedures of collecting donations and usages and suggest improvements.

For proliferation of sharing culture through a donation or charity, the government can take two different directions in improvement of legislative system. First, legislation could lower regulation on contribution’s “give and take activity.” Another idea is legislative reformation in establishment of Non-profit foundation that receives financial supports and human resources from community members.

The study also analyzes South Korea’s volunteer activity and its setbacks from a perspective of supporting policy. Based on the analysis, new political issues and setting up a role model of the government driven organization are addressed and proposed. Strategies for enlargement of invigorating voluntary works can be classified into two parts: A) spread of social and cultural supports on volunteer services and B) specialization and enhancement of management system in voluntary activities. To find effective manage methods and to promote volunteer services, a plan for case study of AmeriCorps, a U.S. federal government program which organizes and manages volunteer activities, and its applicability in Korean society is conducted
Keywords
나눔문화, 민간기부
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